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Osteoarthritis

“The aim of the current study is to investigate the ability of the algorithm to separate clinically healthy but obese subjects, diagnosed from the baseline radiographs, into different KL grade groups based on the predicted level of cartilage degeneration,” Ms Liukkonen and colleagues explained.

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) affects millions of American adults and is characterized by substantial pain, joint stiffness, and functional limitations.

Using data from 2 US trials, Dr Dai and colleagues performed a meta-analysis with the goal of determining whether dietary fiber may have any bearing on risks for x-ray evidence of knee OA, symptomatic knee OA (eg, pain and stiffness), and worsening knee pain.

Advances in contemporary imaging techniques have led to more widespread use of this modality for the management of osteoarthritis (OA). However, in the absence of evidence-based guidelines, imaging is often used in circumstances where it does not change management.

Patients with, or at high risk for, knee osteoarthritis who consume higher amounts of dietary total or cereal grain fiber were less likely to experience moderate and severe knee pain compared with patients whose dietary intake of fiber was lower, according to the results of a recent study by Zhaoli Dai, PhD, MS, Postdoctoral Fellow, Clinical Epidemiology Research & Training Unit, Boston University School of Medicine, MA, and colleagues.
Although some observational studies suggest that vitamin D supplementation is beneficial for knee osteoarthritis (OA), a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study called VIDEO found no benefit for vitamin D supplementation on pain reduction or change on tibial cartilage volume in patients with symptomatic knee OA and low endogenous vitamin D levels.
London, United Kingdom—Rheumatologists are fully aware of the impact of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on patients’ lives, but underestimate the severity and impact of osteoarthritis (OA), according to the researchers of a study that looked at physician and patient perceptions of global disease status in both conditions.
The age-related cartilage wear that occurs in macroscopically normal joints and is evident at the superficial zone indicates that the wear-protective function of synovial fluid (SF) and wear resistance of cartilage changes with aging, and may lead to osteoarthritis (OA).
A review of the literature has shown strength training, stretching, and flexibility exercises are of significant benefit to people with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis.
Individuals at high risk for osteoporotic fracture constitute a very meaningful disease burden to society, particularly in Asia, and that burden is expected to increase significantly in coming years, according to Nicholas Harvey, MA, MB, BChir, MRCP, PhD.
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