Blinatumomab Immunotherapy Attacks Minimal Residual Disease in ALL, Leads to High Rates of Complete Response
San Francisco, CA—In patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) is increasingly used to evaluate response to treatment. An antibody that recruits the body’s T-cells to attack MRD in patients with ALL whose disease is in remission can prevent full relapse.
An investigational first-in-class anticancer quinolone derivative, vosaroxin, extended median overall survival (OS) when used with cytarabine (Cytosar-U) in a phase 3 clinical trial of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), although the difference was not significant.
Disease progression is slower and overall survival (OS) is greater in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who are being monitored for their response to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and show good adherence. However, few clinicians monitor response and adherence to oral TKI treatment in patients with CML.
San Francisco, CA—The era of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has transformed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) from an often fatal disease to a chronic disease with ongoing treatment. Joanne S. Buzaglo, PhD, Senior Vice President of Research and Training at the Cancer Support Community, presented results from a patient survey of patients with CML at ASH 2014, indicating that the treatment of CML imposes a significant economic burden on patients and increases psychosocial distress, which together lead to reduced adherence to treatment.
San Francisco, CA—Nearly 50% of elderly patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received pracinostat, an investigational HDAC (histone deacetylase) inhibitor, in combination with azacitidine had responses in an ongoing phase 2 clinical trial.
San Francisco, CA—Sorafenib added to standard therapy significantly improves event-free survival (EFS) and relapse-free survival compared with standard chemotherapy alone in younger patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
San Francisco, CA—Administration of T-cells engineered with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) targeting CD19 (CTL019) persist over the long-term and induce durable remissions in children with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
San Francisco, CA—Early results of the large, prospective Intergroup C10403 trial demonstrate that a high-intensity pediatric-inspired regimen improves event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) in adolescent and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Many smaller studies have shown that adolescent and young adults have improved outcomes on pediatric regimens, but this is the first large data set to validate this practice.
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